As the temperatures dip and the windchill factor drops below zero, it's important to bundle up when venturing outdoors.
Hypothermia and frostbite are common after effects when people are exposed to the cold for long periods of time. Frostbite occurs when the skin and tissues are damaged.
"The first thing that occurs is that you do have some discomfort from where the area is becoming overly cold. Then, it becomes numb," says Dr. David Cook of Marshfield Clinic.
Dr. Cook says a feeling of dead weight sets in shortly thereafter.
Should you experience frostbite, he says the injured area must constantly be monitored.
"If it turns whitish, it's an area that's pretty frozen. You should then probably come into a clinic and be seen," says Dr. Cook.
To prevent frostbite from happening, Dr. Cook says always keep your head, hands, and feet covered and to wear warm clothing.